The largest department of the king's household, with a staff of between 100 and 200 grooms and valets. Under the charge of the *avener, they tended, groomed and fed the horses of the entire household, king, officials, attendants etc., and also those of visitors. [< Lat. avena = oats, straw]
Cf. Avener

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Avenary —   [ ri], Hanoch, eigentlich Herbert Loewenstein, israelischer Musikforscher, * Danzig 25. 5. 1908; wanderte 1936 nach Palästina aus und wurde Professor für Musikwissenschaft der Universität Tel Aviv Jaffa; Veröffentlichungen v. a. über… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • avenary — …   Useful english dictionary

  • AVENARY, HANOCH — (formerly Herbert Loewenstein; 1908–1994), musicologist. Born in Danzig, he immigrated to Palestine in 1936. He studied musicology, literature, and art history at the universities of Leipzig, Munich, Frankfurt, and Koenigsberg (Kaliningrad). His… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MUSIC — This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction written sources of direct and circumstantial evidence the material relics and iconography notated sources oral tradition archives and important collections of jewish music… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FOLKLORE — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • IBN ABĪ AL-SALT° — (Umayya Ibn ʿAbd al [b]ʿAzīz[/b]; 1068–1134), Muslim musician and student of the exact sciences. He was born in Andalusia and died in Mahdiyya (Tunisia). His writings were influential among the Jews of Spain as shown both by quotations and by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MI-SINAI NIGGUNIM — (Heb. Yid. נִגּוּנִים, נִגּוּנֵי מִסִּינַי Melodies from Mt. Sinai ), Hebrew term for a traditional group of cantorial melodies sung in the Ashkenazi synagogues of both East and West European rite and regarded as obligatory, and for which no… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALEINU LE-SHABBE'AḤ — (Heb. עָלֵינוּ לְשַׁבֵּחַ; It is our duty to praise (the Lord of all things) ), prayer now recited at the conclusion of the statutory services. Originally it introduced the malkhuyyot section of the Rosh Ha Shanah additional service in which the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AMIDAH — (Heb. עֲמִידָה; standing ), the core and main element of each of the prescribed daily services. In talmudic sources it is known as Ha Tefillah ( The Prayer par excellence). As its name indicates, the Amidah must be recited standing. Other names… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AVODAH — (Heb. עֲבוֹדָה; literally service ), name for temple ritual, applied to the central part of the Musaf liturgy on the day of atonement . This poetically recounts the sacrificial ritual in the Temple on the Day of Atonement. The ritual, based on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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